Conditions for lifting the import and export of industrial explosives

Conditions for lifting the import and export of industrial explosives

取消工业炸药进出口的一些条件
文章来源:越南中国商会胡志明市分会秘书处

这是2018年1月15日第08/2018/NĐ-CP号议定中具体规定的重要信息,修改工商部(第08号议定)国家管理范围内关于投资经营条件由总理阮春福签署颁布的一些议定。

日前,企业要进口工业炸药物品必须具备两个条件:一、经营工业炸药的营业执照;二、与国外企签订工业炸药购买合同和与国内企业签订工业炸药销售合同。

第08/2018/NĐ-CP号议定规定取消工业炸药进出口的一些条件。具体是第08号议定第15条规定取消第1款第B点;2009年04月23日政府颁布关于工业炸药物品的第39/2009/NĐ-CP号议定第20a条第2款第B点、第C点,补充于2016年07月01日修改的第77/2016/NĐ-CP号议定第13条,关于在工商部国家管理范围内购买和销售国际商品、化学品、工业炸药物品、化肥、天然气贸易、食品贸易等投资经营条件的一些规定。

按照原规定,对于出口工业炸药物品的企业必须具备经营工业炸药物品的营业执照。企业要具备与国外企业签订业工业炸药物品销售合同以及与国内企业签订工业炸药物品购买合同。

同时,对于出口(复出口)工业炸药物品的石油国外企业必须具备与国外企业签署的工业炸药物品购买合同以及与另一家国外企业签署的工业炸药物品销售合同。

按照第08/2018/NĐ-CP号议定,政府已取消进出口工业炸药物品的一些条件,为各家经营工业炸药物品企业创造有利的条件。

进口税降至0%:越南企业吃亏?

进口税的大幅度下降导致越南国内企业与国际企业的激烈却实力不对等竞争,而吃亏方将是越南企业。

上万项进口税降至0%

据越南财政部,2018年越南的商品进口关税将收到10项自由贸易协议(FTA)的影响,相当于约16,200项关税降至0%。

财政部国际合作司副司长范俊英(Phạm Tuấn Anh)表示,税率的变化仅影响约10%项关税,影响范围较小,基本上已计算至国家年度预算收入。进口关税下降主要集中于进口结构中占比小的消费商品类,而占比大的生产业的机械及原材料类仍维持目前税率。

范俊英肯定:“该10项协议导致国家年度预算收入的下降率相对于2016年越南颁布的进口税特别优惠表极小,近乎可以忽略。”

越南企业不可松懈

经济专家认为,市场的开放有助于促进国内市场发展,让企业能够以更低的价格接近更丰富的原料、设备、机械供给源,而人民也能够以更低的价格购买商品。然而,当国外商品涌入市场,与国内商品产生剧烈竞争,国内企业的竞争力仍存在诸多疑虑。

据经济专家黎登营(Lê Đăng Doanh),企业应考虑管理机构正在实施的政策及降低关税的外围影响。黎登营专家分析,关税降至0%的商品均为国内有能力生产的消费品,因此越南企业的商品与服务将承受由东盟国家或其他与越南签署自由贸易协议国家的商品与服务带来的巨大竞争压力。而近来,财政部又提出对越南国内诸多商品类提升增值税,从而必定致使国内企业提升其商品与服务价格。
经济专家黎登营表示,在内地市场剧烈竞争的背景下,实际上,越南商品已遭受来自泰国、中国,甚至韩国、日本低价商品的强烈压迫,逐渐被占领市场份额。

经济专家黎登营肯定:“当进口税继续下降,若再对国内商品提高税率,将导致更剧烈、更不对等的竞争,而吃亏方将是越南企业。”

经济专家阮智孝(Nguyễn Trí Hiếu)认为,进口税降至0%必定影响进口商品价格。每种商品有不同的税率,但因进口商品免关税,价格会比较低,从而,国内企业将要在‘主场’与进口商品进行剧烈竞争。

经济专家阮智孝强调:“越南企业是否能支撑还得看内地商品竞争力。对于减免进口税有规定流程的国家,越南企业仍有足够的时间进行生产商品以提高竞争力,不仅在价格方面,还要在质量方面进行改善。企业不应过分顾虑但也不能因‘主场’优势而松懈。”

各经济专家劝告,国内企业应以充分的准备与有可能占领国内市场的低价进口商品竞争。首先,企业应集中把握机会降低生产成本、进入市场成本,从而提升商品与服务的竞争力。

目前,越南承诺实现特别优惠进口税的10项自由贸易协议包括:东盟商品贸易协定(ATIGA),中国-东盟自由贸易协议(ACFTA),东协-南韩自贸协定(AKFTA),日本与东盟经济合作伙伴协议(AJCEP), 东盟与澳洲、纽西兰自由贸易协议(AANZFTA),东协-印度自由贸易协议(AIFTA),越日经济伙伴协议(VJEPA),越韩自由贸易协议(VKFTA),越南-智利由贸易协议(VCFTA),越南-欧亚经济联盟自贸协议(VN – EAEU FTA)。

 

Conditions for lifting the import and export of industrial explosives

Source: Vietnamese Chamber of commerce, China Chamber of commerce, Ho Chi Minh City Secretariat

This is the key information specified in the agreement no. 08/2018 / n-CP of 15 January 2018, amending the terms of state administration of the ministry of commerce and industry (agreed to) in the context of the state administration of the ministry of commerce and industry Nguyễn Spring Signed a number of agreed.

Recently, an enterprise must have two conditions for importing industrial explosives: one, operating a business licence for industrial explosives; second, to enter into a contract for the purchase of industrial explosives and to enter into a contract for the sale of industrial explosives with domestic enterprises.

Article 08/2018 / n-CP agreed to remove some of the conditions for the import and export of industrial explosives. Specifically, article 15 of agreement no. 08 provides for the elimination of paragraph 1 (b) of paragraph 1; on 23 April 2009, the government issued 39/2009 / n-CP on industrial explosives. Having agreed to article 20 a, paragraph 2, point b, point c, supplementing article 13, paragraph 77/2016, of 2016 July 2016, as amended on 01 July 2016, With regard to the purchase and sale of international merchandise, chemicals, industrial explosives, fertilizers, natural gas trade, food trade, etc. In the context of state administration of the ministry of commerce and industry.

In accordance with the original provisions, enterprises that export industrial explosives must have an operating licence to carry on industrial explosives. Enterprises are required to enter into contracts with foreign enterprises for the sale of industrial explosives and to enter into contracts with domestic enterprises for the purchase of industrial explosives.

At the same time, an oil foreign enterprise for the export (re-entry) of industrial explosives must have a contract for the purchase of industrial explosives, signed with foreign enterprises, and a contract for the sale of industrial explosives, signed with another foreign enterprise.

In accordance with decision 08/2018 / n, the government has removed some of the conditions for the import and export of industrial explosives and created favourable conditions for businesses to operate industrial explosives.

Import Duty has fallen to 0 % and Vietnam’s enterprises suffer?

The Sharp decline in import duties has led to a fierce and competitive competition between domestic enterprises and international enterprises, and the losers will be Vietnamese enterprises.

Tens of thousands of imported taxes fell to 0 %

According to the Vietnamese ministry of finance, in 2018, Viet Nam’s imports of goods will be affected by 10 free trade agreements (FTA), which is equivalent to about 16,200 TARIFFS TO 0 per cent.

The Deputy Director of the division for international cooperation of the ministry of finance (phạm tuấn anh) said that changes in tax rates affect only about 10 per cent of tariffs, which have a smaller impact and have largely been calculated on the national annual budget income. The Decline In Import Tariffs is mainly concentrated in the consumption of smaller consumer goods in the import structure, while the machinery and raw materials in the larger industry are still maintaining current rates.

” the 10 agreements have led to a very small drop in the country’s annual budget revenue, as compared with the special tax concession on import duty issued by Vietnam in 2016, which is almost overlooked.”

Vietnamese enterprises can’t be relaxed.

According to economic experts, the opening up of markets helps to promote domestic market development, allowing enterprises to approach more rich raw materials, equipment, mechanical sources at a lower price, and people can purchase commodities at a lower price. However, there remain many doubts as to the competitiveness of domestic enterprises when foreign goods are pouring into markets, with fierce competition from domestic commodities.

According to economic experts, Paris (L), enterprises should take into account the policies being implemented by regulatory agencies and the external impact of tariff reductions. According to an analysis by an expert in the camp, a 0 per cent of all goods are domestically produced, and the goods and services of Vietnamese enterprises will be subject to a free trade agreement between the ASEAN COUNTRIES OR OTHER COUNTRIES WITH VIETNAM. The enormous competitive pressure brought about by goods and services. In recent times, the ministry of finance has also raised a value-added tax on various commodities in Viet Nam, thus leading to the upgrading of the prices of its goods and services by domestic
According to the economist, the economic expert, in the context of keen competition in the mainland market, in fact, Viet Nam’s commodities have been subjected to strong pressure from Thailand, China and even south Korea, and Japan, which is gradually being occupied by the occupation market.

The Economist, Paris, is sure, ” when import taxes continue to decline, if there is a higher tax rate on domestic commodities, it will lead to more intense and non-reciprocal competition, and the losers will be Vietnamese enterprises.”

Economic Specialist Nguyen Chi Hyo (Nguyễn trí hiếu) believes that import duty drops to 0 % will definitely affect the price of imported goods. Each commodity has a different tax rate, but it will be relatively low for imports of goods, so that domestic enterprises will be keen to compete in the ‘Arena’ with imported commodities.

The Economist, Mr Ruan Chile, stressed that ” If Vietnamese enterprises are able to support the competitiveness of the mainland, they will have to look at In countries where there is a requirement for exemptions to import taxes, Vietnamese enterprises still have sufficient time to produce commodities to improve their competitiveness, not only in terms of price but also in qualitative terms. Enterprises should not be too cautious, but they should not be complacent about the advantages of the ” home arena.”

Economic experts advised that domestic enterprises should be fully prepared to compete with low-priced imports of goods that might have the potential to occupy domestic markets. First, enterprises should focus on reducing production costs and entering market costs so as to enhance the competitiveness of goods and services.

Currently, the 10 free trade agreements that Viet Nam promised to achieve special preferential import duties include: ASEAN Commodity Trade Agreement (Atiga), China-ASEAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT (Acfta), ASEAN-South Korea-South Korea trade agreement (Akfta) ) Japan and ASEAN Economic Partnership Agreement (Ajcep), ASEAN and Australia, New Zealand free trade agreement (Aanzfta), ASEAN-India free trade agreement (Aifta), Vietnam economic partnership agreement (Vjepa) Viet Nam free trade agreement (Vkfta), Viet Nam – Chile by trade agreement (Vcfta), Viet Nam-Eurasian Economic Union () from trade agreement (VN-EAEU FTA).